WHAT ARE SOCIAL ENTERPRISES?
Have you ever bought the Big Issue? Read it over a bar of Divine chocolate? Watched Jamie Oliver’s Fifteen? Visited the Eden Project? Shopped at the Co-op?
Well, then you already know a bit about social enterprises: businesses that are changing the world for the better.
Social enterprises are businesses that trade to tackle social problems, improve communities, people’s life chances, or the environment. They make their money from selling goods and services in the open market, but they reinvest their profits back into the business or the local community. And so when they profit, society profits. Scroll down if you want to get technical.
Social enterprises are in our communities and on our high streets – from coffee shops and cinemas, to pubs and leisure centres, banks and bus companies.
Be inspired by the stories of some leading UK social enterprises.
New to social enterprise? Read our FAQs.
THREE MINUTE FILM
Take a look at the short film below for a glimpse of social enterprises in action. It features social enterprises Stour Space, The People's Supermarket and Fifteen.
WHAT MAKES A SOCIAL ENTERPRISE A SOCIAL ENTERPRISE?
The term ‘social enterprise’ came about from recognition that in the UK and across the world, there were organisations using the power of business to bring about social and environmental change without a single term to unite them.
Since the term started being more widely used in the mid 1990s, there has been a lot of discussion and sometimes confusion about what social enterprise is. At Social Enterprise UK we feel we must be clear but pragmatic when it comes to defining social enterprise. Here are what we believe are the characteristics of a social enterprise.
SOCIAL ENTERPRISES SHOULD:
- Have a clear social and/or environmental mission set out in their governing documents
- Generate the majority of their income through trade
- Reinvest the majority of their profits
- Be autonomous of state
- Be majority controlled in the interests of the social mission
- Be accountable and transparent
Read more about this in the short paper What makes a social enterprise a social enterprise?
SOCIAL ENTERPRISE UK
We are the national body for social enterprise. We represent our members to support and help grow the social enterprise movement. Find out more about what we do. Check out the benefits of being an SEUK member.
SOCIAL ENTERPRISE PLACES
In June 2013 Social Enterprise UK launched the Social Enterprise Places project, which recognised Alston Moor in Cumbria as the UK's first Social Enterprise Town. Plymouth and Bristol have since been awarded social enterprise status.
If you are interested in nominating your town, city or region as a social enterprise place, click here.
UK SOCIAL ENTERPRISE AWARDS 2013
The awards are now in their 15th year. They recognise the high achieving and ground breaking organisations and people in social enterprise. There are new categories this year, including social enterprise champions - people who are making a significant contribution to society through social enterprise.